Saturday, 12 August 2017
All-rounder training (Singapore / UK)
When I’d passed my Highway Code test at age 17 and booked a driving test date, my mother came up with a plan: that I should learn to drive for free by chauffeuring her on her post-natal-care rounds, which were necessary anyway. When I was good enough at on-road driving, we’d then pay for a professional instructor to teach me test techniques such as parking, reversing into a minor road, uphill climb, etc., which would only be a handful of lessons, thus saving a lot of money. (This is advice I now dole out to young people wanting to learn to drive.)
For the first trip out on the road, I was wearing sandals. To get a better feel of the pedals (it was a manual-drive car, automatics being a little way off yet), I shed them. My mother said, “No, don’t do that. You should learn to drive with whatever footwear you’ve got on, be it platform shoes, high-heeled shoes, clogs, sandals, flip flops or gym shoes. This way, you’ll learn to adjust the pressure you apply on the pedals accordingly, so that it becomes intuitive and you don’t have to think about it.”
This reminds me of something my brother said in 1999 when I was helping out my sister-in-law at the canteen she was running at a 24-hour factory. His comment was, “Westerners have this amazing array of knives, big and small, with practically each one dedicated to a particular function. The Chinese just have the one — the meat cleaver — which can be for hacking a whole chicken to smaller pieces, for mincing pork, for peeling a potato, or for cutting ginger into small thin slices or strips.” Same principle: it's the control over the way the hand holds the cleaver and applies the pressure.
I’ve since applied this to my teaching of text analysis. Students are often deliberately not given the context, or are just given the middle paragraph of a piece, or even only the second half of a sentence. This way, they’re forced to rely purely on, say, their knowledge of Chinese grammar to do the parsing: e.g., how do you know it is a Verb here rather than a Noun (e.g., 发展 fāzhǎn is both a Verb [to develop] and a Noun [development]).
And of course, what I’ve called “Guessology skills” (“Guessology” is my coinage from the 1980s): the logic of one version versus another (whether it makes sense there), etc., without resorting to any assistance from their knowledge of the subject matter in hand. Which is very likely to be the case in real life when they have to read or listen to a piece in Chinese that might have no universal equivalent.
It works very well, because my students approach their texts using their knowledge of grammar (they can all do grammatical justifications in their sleep, so frequently-drilled they are) rather than just hit-or-miss, unsubstantiated guessing, relying on the teacher to confirm that they’re right.
(Singapore early 1970s & 1999; UK)